Taliaferro County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2000 census, the population was 2,077, making it the least populous county east of the Mississippi River. The 2007 Census Estimate shows a population of 1,884. The county seat is Crawfordville.
The spelling of the county's name is not phonetic. The pronunciation is in keeping with how many families with the name "Taliaferro" traditionally pronounce it. The pronunciation is "Tolliver" (rhyming with the common male name "Oliver", IPA: /ˈtɒlɪvər/).
Taliaferro County was formed by an act of the Georgia Legislature meeting in Milledgeville on December 24, 1825. It was formed by taking portions of five other counties:Wilkes, Greene, Hancock, Oglethorpe, and Warren Counties.
The county is most famous for being the home of Alexander H. Stephens, who served as a senator from Georgia in the antelbellum south, the Vice President of theConfederate States of America, and the governor of Georgia until his death. A state park near his home in Crawfordville, Georgia bears his name.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,077 people, 870 households, and 559 families residing in the county. The population density was 11 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 1,085 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 60.33% Black or African American, 38.18% White, 0.05% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 0.67% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. 0.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 870 households out of which 26.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.30% were married couples living together, 20.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.70% were non-families. 33.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 24.60% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 18.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $23,750, and the median income for a family was $27,800. Males had a median income of $26,380 versus $21,534 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,498. About 22.30% of families and 23.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.30% of those under age 18 and 23.40% of those age 65 or over.